Venturing into the unknown, even for a strong queen like Elsa, calls for
passion, grit, imagination-and a little magic.
Elsa has a gift-the power to create ice and snow. She's only recently learned
control her magic, and only recently revealed her powers to her kingdom after
keeping them hidden for fear she'd be persecuted for her differences. "Elsa is a
fascinating character with this miraculous ability to harness the power of
director Chris Buck. "Her connection to nature has always been there. But she
So, no matter how happy Elsa is to finally embrace her powers and be with her
Anna, their friends and the people of Arendelle, she finds herself unsettled.
director Jennifer Lee, who also penned the screenplay, "Elsa hears a voice
no one else can hear. She tries to block it, but it won't stop. It shows her
pieces of the
past. It promises answers about why she is the way she is, so it's both epic and
mystery, and she's compelled to find that voice."
The answers promised by the calling also threaten the kingdom and everything
and Anna ever wanted-including the bond between them. So, when Elsa faces a
dangerous journey into the unknown to the enchanted forests and dark seas beyond
Arendelle, Anna is determined to go with her, be by her sister's side, and help
the mystery-along with Kristoff, Olaf and Sven. In "Frozen," Elsa feared her
were too much for the world. In "Frozen 2," she must hope they are enough.
According to producer Peter Del Vecho, the characters long ago became more
characters to the filmmakers. "It's like they are family," he says. "They are
that they are both flawed and aspirational, and there is so much more to their
like a lot of storytellers, we found we couldn't get them out of our heads. We
know more-go deeper in exploring this relationship between two sisters."
"If 'Frozen' was happily ever after," says Lee, "then 'Frozen 2' is the day
ever after. Life gets in the way. It throws you curve balls. So, this is about
fight for your place in the world, do what's right-all of the grown-up things
you have to
do. There's still fun and humor, but it's a deeply emotional story about finding
we are meant to be."
According to Buck, in "Frozen," the world had just opened up for the
were trying to figure out who they were," he says. "But it feels like they've
college now. They're getting their lives together. But there is also so much
unknown ahead of them. We wanted to know what that means for each of them.
"The world gets a little grittier for our characters-a little tougher,"
"There's a lot of change in the movie-it's a theme you can see within the story
even in the look of the film. Autumn reflects the maturity we see in our
with the change of seasons comes a beautiful new palette of rich autumnal colors
never explored before. If you take a single frame from 'Frozen,' the colors
tell you that it's 'Frozen.' And now, the same is true for 'Frozen 2.'"
"Frozen" hit theaters in 2013, introducing the compelling pair of sisters, a
mountain man and an unforgettable snowman who loved summer. It became the
highest-grossing animated film of all time in worldwide box office. It won an
Award for best animated feature film of the year. The film's iconic song, "Let
with music and lyrics by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez, won an Oscar
best original song.
The Lopezes returned for "Frozen 2," writing seven all-new original songs
the emotion, fun and intrigue in a compelling and forever-contagious way. They
their daughters for inspiring a lot of the music in the first film, and it seems
some things never change. "Anna and Elsa are growing up," says Anderson-Lopez.
"And our own girls are growing up, too. Our daughters are around the same age
Jennifer Lee's daughter. They informed the choices we made with 'Frozen,' and
also informed the choices we made together with 'Frozen 2.' As the girls get
independent and have to walk their own paths and face their own moments of
without us there to protect them, it's ushered in a new era of parenting for us,
made its way into the film."
Adds Lopez, "I feel like all of our songs lean into the theme of growing up.
And the epic
tone of the new movie set by Jennifer and Chris was something we wanted to hit
from the beginning."
Much like the first film, which was inspired by Hans Christian Andersen's
1845 fairy tale
"The Snow Queen," "Frozen 2" embraces the tenants of fairy tales and stories
mythology that were often written to explain the inexplicable. The all-new story
place three years after the conclusion of the first movie: Elsa is queen and
happy to have everyone she loves-Elsa, Kristoff, Olaf and Sven-under one roof.
bond between sisters is strong-and anchors the story. But, according to the
filmmakers, there is an underlying current of unrest and angst that ultimately
leads to a
great adventure-one that will bring clarity to everything we know about these
characters. "'Frozen 2' is even bigger and more epic than the first," says Buck.
most importantly, in the end 'Frozen' and 'Frozen 2' work together to form one
"Some things never change. Like how I'm holding on tight to you."
DISCERNING MYTHS AND FAIRY TALES
Story Unfolds as Filmmakers Develop Deeper Relationships with Characters
Filmmakers set out to deepen their understanding of their main characters in an
uncover the answers to questions that lingered after the conclusion of "Frozen."
found themselves delving into the innerworkings of both fairy tales and myths.
realized that in the first movie, we had both a myth and a fairy tale going on
at the same
time," says producer Peter Del Vecho. "Elsa was definitely a mythic character,
generally carries the weight of the world on their shoulders and do things the
rest of us
can't. They also typically suffer a tragic fate-which might have happened to
Elsa in the
first film were it not for Anna."
Director Jennifer Lee says Anna is the fairy-tale character. "She's the
Lee. "These characters are only human. They're not magical, but often enter into
dangers of a magical world. They go into the belly of the beast, suffering
loss with great struggles, yet rise triumphant."
When it came to designing the characters for "Frozen 2," filmmakers naturally
with their look from the first film. "We wanted to stay true to the design
language of the
first film," says Bill Schwab, art director of characters. "It has to feel like
we are still in
the same world, but we also want to put a new spin on that, creating new
new characters to support the story.
"The film takes place three years after 'Frozen,' so we aged the characters
continues Schwab. "It's almost indiscernible, but there's definitely a maturity
to all of the
characters. They're older, more experienced. We leveraged that in their
even in their hairstyles."
The technology that helped usher in the characters in "Frozen" has advanced
to such a
degree since the film was released in 2013, the artists and technicians
bringing even established characters like Anna and Elsa to life essentially had
from scratch. "We had to honor the original vision, but technically we were able
to do it
better," says Alexander Alvarado, character look development supervisor.
WHO'S WHO IN "FROZEN 2"?
ELSA is the perfect mythic character-magical and larger than life. Grateful
kingdom now accepts her, she works hard to be a good queen. But deep down she
can't help but wonder why she was born with powers. The mystery leads to a
uncover a buried truth about the past. Elsa ventures deep into an uncharted and
mysterious land, where her powers will be tested to their limits. Along the
will discover the life she was meant to live, but in so doing, risk losing
including herself. "Elsa has always been a fascinating character, but it's her
with nature that we get to explore this time," says director Chris Buck. "She
not only has
a connection, but she can actually harness the power of nature with her icy
there's more to it, we learn, as she's forced to deal with the spirits of
nature: wind, fire,
earth and water."
While Elsa learned to harness her magic in "Frozen," her magic is maturing
"Her magic is still tied to her emotions," says head of effects animation Dale
lot of her magic will look familiar, especially when she's happy. It's lyrical
and her signature swirls."
But everything begins to change when Elsa feels that she's being beckoned by
from far away. She tries to ignore it, but the calling is strong and becomes
the course of the original song "Into the Unknown." "When Elsa starts hearing
she wants to avoid it," says director Jennifer Lee. "But it won't stop and it
pieces of the past and it shows her what her magic could be."
"The voice is haunting her-aggravating her at first," says Idina Menzel, who
the voice of Elsa. "She needs to understand who she is and why she has powers.
down she knows she'll find those answers if she goes into the unknown and
As the song progresses, Elsa begins to see imagery alluding to what's in
store for her-
all depicted within her own magic. "These ice visions are very delicate at
Mayeda. "It's made out of particulates. And while it's Elsa's magic, it seems to
over by these icy visions. She's not necessarily controlling it. As it grows, it
lacy and more tangible. Later, her magic gives her more visions with different
that continue to evolve during her journey. Her magic evolves as she does-but
finds that nature challenges her."
"Mythic characters are magical," adds Lee. "But it's not aspirational, it's
about the hard
answers and truths that we face. There can be a tragic aspect, too, so in that
teach us about ourselves."
Says Menzel, "I love what Elsa represents. I think anytime we are able to see
personified who is embracing how strong and powerful she is, that's a good
not apologizing anymore for her power. She owns it and has a sense of pride
"Her power and its link to nature emerges over time," adds Buck. "She leans
theory about water having memory, for example. She's able to bring the water out
certain items and reveal memories and she's never been able to do that before."
That connection to nature is reflected in her wardrobe. According to visual
artist Brittney Lee, Elsa's wardrobe is not limited to real-world fabrics. "She
clothing out of ice with her magic," says Lee. "So we didn't feel like we had to
her to materials available in Norway at that time. She has more sheer fabrics
Says production designer Michael Giaimo, "The key word is maturity. And this
they're going on a journey. We had to figure out what Elsa would wear out there
enchanted forest. She can't wear a floor-length gown-neither can Anna. They must
pragmatic, so they both wear pants-something along the lines of riding pants."
Brittney Lee adds that the color palette for Elsa's clothing remained cool.
"If we go too
warm, it inherently feels like something's off."
ANNA is the perfect fairy-tale character; unflappable, she is the forever
optimist. Anna is
fine as long as she has her family, Arendelle is safe, and she never has to be
again. Her positive spirit is reflected in a song she begins in an effort to
uncertainty about the ever-evolving world around him. The song, "Some Things
Change"-which features Anna, Kristoff, Elsa and Olaf-introduces the idea of
to the story, and despite its title, it's also a promise that change is on the
So, as life seems to feel blissfully unalterable to Anna, Arendelle is
threatened and Elsa
is being called to solve a dangerous mystery about the past: Is there buried
their family's past? "Anna had nothing to lose in the first movie," says Buck.
she has everything to lose because she got everything she ever wanted. While
finds herself yearning for answers, Anna is trying to hang onto everybody and
everything. She might wonder why they can't just be happy and live in the castle
together for the rest of their lives. But that's not real life, is it?"
Kristen Bell once again lends her voice to Anna. "Anna is just as spunky as
always been," says Bell. "She is incredibly excited to have a family foundation
been built with her sister."
Indeed, Anna has a big heart and she's devoted to her sister. So, when Elsa
she needs to venture into the unknown, Anna is determined to go with her-every
of the way. As Anna journeys with Elsa to the enchanted forests beyond Arendelle,
along with Kristoff, Olaf and Sven, she wonders if they can ever return to the
they once knew. "Anna realizes this voice is pulling her sister away and it
says head of story Normand Lemay. "This is new for Anna, she's always seen the
positive. She tries so hard to hold on tight-too tight-to Elsa."
Inevitably, Anna struggles in "Frozen 2," hitting a very low point in her
shared in the song "Do the Next Right Thing." "That's actually a mantra that I
have in my
life when I'm anxiety-ridden or depressed-that's the only thing you can do-the
right thing," says Bell. "It's baby steps for anyone who has experienced a
hardship or is
flat on the floor and feels they can't pick themselves up."
Adds Lemay, "It's only when she finds herself at her lowest point that she
she-Anna-is capable of doing."
Anna's look is more mature, but stays within the language established in the
Says visual development artist Griselda Sastrawinata-Lemay, "With Anna, it is
Arendelle. For the first dress, it was very important to show the scallops that
signature. The lighter color shows the lightness of her personality-she's so
the film begins. But for her travel outfit, we go much darker-deep cranberry,
gold and black-which foretells the darkness she finds in her journey."
Adds head of characters and technical animation Gregory Smith, "Anna had
double braids in the beginning-like the first film-but for the most part, her
much more mature."
According to technical animation supervisor Christopher Evart, Anna's hair
learnings during "Moana." "Moana's hair has a lot of tight coils," says Evart.
hair is very styled so we have to maintain really art-directed curls-it's a
challenge for sure."
"Frozen 2" is the first feature to utilize new proprietary software-a hair
called Beast. "It's much faster than what we had for 'Moana,'" says Evart. "That
means we can simulate more and more hairs for the same time per frame."
Though he's told no one but Sven, KRISTOFF is ready to take the next steps
and propose. "Anna and Kristoff fell in love at the end of the first movie,"
Peter Del Vecho. "In 'Frozen 2,' we get to see how their relationship evolves."
According to Del Vecho, Kristoff's efforts to pop the question go awry-often
Anna is distracted by what's happening to Elsa. Anna loves Kristoff deeply, but
completely unaware of his plans for the future. And when Arendelle is
Kristoff doesn't hesitate to be there for Anna and Elsa as they journey into
lands that even this well-traveled iceman has never seen.
Jonathan Groff once again provides the voice of Kristoff. "I had butterflies
stomach on my way to record the first day," says Groff. "I couldn't remember how
done Kristoff. Then when I got into the session, there was Jenn [Lee], Chris
Peter [Del Vecho]. They're all the same people from the first movie. There's
connection that we all have. We've grown up together. Getting the opportunity to
the second one felt like a homecoming, and I felt freer and more creative than I
during the first one."
Groff was tapped to sing the song "Lost in the Woods" for "Frozen 2." "It's a
ballad," says head of animation Tony Smeed. "We grew up on power ballads, and
Jonathan Groff gave the song a bit of an '80s vibe. But yet it's so sincere, so
it gets me every single time. So within the animation, we really wanted to
strike a good
balance between drama and sincerity."
According to technical animation supervisor Christopher Evart, Kristoff gets
music video treatment, too, for "Lost in the Woods." "We have a wind dial
the entire sequence," he says. "We went through the whole song to decide when to
him music video wind-that signature romantic breeze."
It's been a little over three years since Elsa made OLAF, and with his new
courtesy of Elsa's magic, he can really enjoy summer. His bond with his
Elsa, Kristoff and Sven-is as close as ever. He's absolutely fascinated with the
wonders of life: Did you know that men are six times more likely to be struck by
than women? And did you know that water has memory? With his new curiosity for
knowledge, and his "stop-and-smell-the-flowers" approach to life, Olaf is a
hope in dark times.
All of the characters have matured in years since Elsa became queen and Olaf
exception. "He's 3 years old and he can read now," says director of story Marc
"He looks to the adults around him like, 'Wow, this is a confusing world.' And
complete faith-blind faith-that they have it all figured out."
"He's full of questions," adds director Jennifer Lee. "He's contemplating
life and death
and existence-much like any kid would, but he's doing it the Olaf way."
As the epic adventure gets underway and the characters find themselves in the
enchanted forest, Olaf faces a series of inexplicable events, illustrated in the
"When I Am Older." Says head of animation Tony Smeed, "He gets separated from
rest of the characters and comes into contact with all of the spirits: earth,
wind, fire and
water," he says. "He can't make sense of it." Despite the mystery and dangerous
realities coming to life before his eyes, the lovable snowman is convinced that
he'll understand everything.
Josh Gad again provides the voice of Olaf. "What I find so endearing and
the collaborative spirit that allows me to play," says Gad. "The directors are
precious about their dialogue. They're never precious about their ideas. They
artists to get in there to talk through those ideas and fully explore them. They
willing to hear input and see what works as they strive to never settle for
is a luxury that you don't often find.
Gad says Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez absolutely rose to the
writing songs for the follow-up to a film known around the world for its music.
makes the music of 'Frozen 2' so special is that it's not trying to be 'Frozen.'
It is doing
its own thing and adding to an already incredible tapestry of music.
"I want to apologize ahead of time because I think a lot of these songs are
going to be
earworms," Gad continues. "I've played them once or twice in my own household
my kids will not stop singing them. I look forward to a whole new slate of
videos with people singing these incredible songs."
Trusted reindeer SVEN remains Kristoff's best friend. Although Kristoff now
has the love
of his life with Anna, he still finds himself leaning on Sven as a best friend
confidante, especially as Kristoff's attempts to propose to Anna go awry. "Sven
Kristoff's wingman," says producer Peter Del Vecho. "He tried to tell Kristoff
way to do things and often convinces him he's approaching it all wrong."
As the voice of Kristoff-who often gives voice to Sven-Jonathan Groff helps
trusted reindeer to life. "Sven is Kristoff's moral and emotional compass," says
"Kristoff does that insane psychotic voice to express what he believes to be
feelings and emotions-and sometimes they are. But I feel more often Sven really
knows what's going on and is a little bit more grounded and aware than perhaps
Kristoff-especially when it comes to Kristoff's emotional Intelligence."
Mother to Anna and Elsa, wife to King Agnarr, QUEEN IDUNA loves her daughters
wants to protect them at all costs-especially from the secrets of her past. But
Elsa's powers and questions grow, she begins to wonder if her own past may hold
answers for her family. Unfortunately, it's not a journey she can make for her
but one they must do themselves when they're older...and ready to face their
Evan Rachel Wood was cast as the voice of Queen Iduna. "There was something
Evan's voice that we really zeroed in on," says Del Vecho. "Her voice sounds
there's something underneath it-something hidden from the past."
Adds Lee, "Her singing voice sits beautifully between Kristen Bell and Idina
which was an amazing discovery."
According to Wood, audiences will get to know Iduna more in the second film
she inspired her daughters. "You can see why Anna and Elsa love to sing so
she says. "The lullaby she sings is beautiful. I love it because it leaves such
impression on her daughters. Although she left them too soon, she's still very
present in their hearts and in their spirits. I think she's still there to guide
The haunting lullaby Iduna sings, entitled "All is Found," is about a river
that holds all of
the answers. "All of the clues and metaphors and big ideas of where the story is
are contained in that lovely lullaby," says head of story Normand Lemay.
For years, Lieutenant Destin MATTIAS loyally protected his homeland of
against their enemy, the Northuldra. But, in doing so, he became trapped by a
mist, where he's been for more than 30 years. He's never forgotten his sworn
Arendelle, but the arrival of Queen Elsa and discovery that she has magical
just the first of many challenges to his long-held beliefs.
Filmmakers called on Sterling K. Brown to provide the voice of Mattias in
Says director Chris Buck, "Sterling is so incredible. He was truly invested in
character and the journey he takes in the story. There is a lot of Sterling in
According to Brown, there's something for everyone in the movie. "It's very
with action-it's very kinetic," he says. "You get the laughs that you expect and
heart you always get from a Disney flick, but it's almost like an adventure
film, which I
really appreciate about the whole thing. And there is a maturity to the writing
both young and old to appreciate the film simultaneously."
Adds head of characters and technical animation Gregory Smith, "The soldiers
been wearing their uniforms for 30 years. But they're soldiers-they'd take care
uniforms. So while there's a lot of wear in Mattias' uniform, it's not shabby or
The mythical water spirit, the NOKK, takes the form of a horse with the power of
ocean in the charge of a stallion. The Nokk is a warrior and guards the secrets
forest fiercely. In order to get past the Nokk, a person must prove they are
earn its respect-an almost impossible task.
"The Nokk is from Nordic folklore," says director Chris Buck. "It can be very
and wonderful, but also scary and dangerous and very powerful if you don't
up. We played with the power of nature and how it's hard to harness. But Elsa
she can connect."
According to co-production designer Lisa Keene, finding the right look for
the Nokk was
challenging. "What exactly does a water horse look like?" she asks. "It's a
myth. We had a black sky, a black sea, and we had to make this water horse pop.
we did a lot of artwork to find our Nokk, which has a volume inside and a bit of
shimmer against the dark background."
Visual effects supervisor Steve Goldberg says the look and execution of the
collaboration between multiple departments, artists and technicians. "We pulled
groups together," he says. "We just picked a place to start and then started to
Then we go back and iterate. It was probably an eight-month process of testing
iteration before we got it right. That's the beauty of the studio that we can
take that time
to do the exploration."
According to head of animation Rebecca Wilson Bresee, the Nokk's movement was
based largely on that of a horse. "Some of the animators took horseback riding
and several met with a horse trainer," she says. "We learned what movements like
ear flick might convey and what kind of weight we'd need to give it so that Elsa
feel its power."
The Nokk is not a solid mass, however, like a horse. It's made of water. But
wanted it to have more stability than the ocean had, for example, was in "Moana."
decided to add water effects to a well-defined silhouette. Says effects
Ramos, "The effects team was responsible for giving the Nokk a surface quality
like liquid. We gave the mane and tail qualities that mimicked crashing
mist and bubbles and spindrift-so that our Nokk would feel like a strong and
KING AGNARR, the son of King Runeard, is married to Queen Iduna, and is Anna
Elsa's father. King Agnarr loves his family, and would do anything to ensure his
daughters' well-being and safety. Alfred Molina lends his voice to King Agnarr.
BRUNI is a curious and cute salamander who inhabits the enchanted forest.
shy at first, Bruni can't help but be drawn to Elsa's icy magic and enjoys the
snowflake treats she creates. According to head of animation Rebecca Wilson
Bruni and Elsa have a special connection. "He's misunderstood," she says. "Elsa
relate to that."
YELANA is the unspoken leader of the Northuldra. She is fiercely protective
family and community but is known to soften when people show an understanding of
nature and their environment. According to head of animation Tony Smeed,
performance reflects her status as an elder in the community. "She's stoic and
Martha Plimpton was called on to bring Yelana to life.
HONEYMAREN, a member of the Northuldra, is a true free spirit and wants
more than to bring peace to the enchanted forest. She is bold and brave, with a
reverence for the magic of nature. According to Bill Schwab, art director
connection to nature is reflected in the costuming for Honeymaren, and all of
Northuldra. "We really wanted to contrast with Arendelle," says Schwab. "The
Northuldra are self-sufficient. So their clothing comes from materials they'd
Rachel Matthews provides the voice of Honeymaren.
Eager and fun, RYDER, Honeymaren's brother, embraces life with optimism.
love of reindeer might just rival Kristoff's-but unlike Kristoff, Ryder has
the great plains outside of the enchanted forest. He longs to embrace the world
venture beyond the magical mist.
Jason Ritter lends his voice to Ryder.
GALE, the wind spirit, isn't easily seen, but has no trouble making her
Gale can be curious and playful, or rage with a tornado's force. According to
animation supervisor Christopher Evart, after doing a number of tests for Gale,
filmmakers landed on a specific approach. "We found that less is more with
says. "We thought we'd need to throw everything at it to let the audience know
Gale is and what he's doing, but we realized we could imply a lot by having Gale
interact with a character's clothing and hair."
Adds head of effects animation Marlon West, "Sometimes Gale is completely
but then it moves through a bush or against a character moving leaves, dust or
someone's hair," he says. "We gave character animation the tools to actually
with an ultimately invisible rig that resembled a little comet. They were able
to sell the
performance that way, indicating Gale's speed and later driving our effects
We also used old-fashioned key framing to let leaves and debris represent Gale.
"Gale has a lot of personality," continues West. "Gale gets mad. She's
can be helpful. She's not just the wind blowing in one direction or another.
Gale is very
laser-focused. In the sequence when Gale is like a giant dust devil, she's
to lift our five main characters, including Sven, into the air and spin them
That, says technical animation supervisor David J. Suroviec, didn't come
our characters are caught up within a spinning tornado, we had to make sure
performances would still read, while also maintaining the right look for grooms
EARTH GIANTS, the earth spirits, are massive creatures formed by the earth.
form the rocky riverbanks when sleeping, but when they are awakened, they're
of intense destruction-uprooting trees at will and hurling giant boulders at
anger them. The earth giants were both characters and environment-calling for
collaboration. While some are sedentary, sleeping along the riverbanks, others
animated as they make their way through the enchanted forest.
"There's a lot of complexity in the way they move," says head of animation
Smeed. "They're very restricted because they're made of rock. They had a long
process to make sure when we move the characters that we didn't see solid rock
penetrating solid rock. They had to collide and stop or separate. The
restrictions make it
more fun. They can't move very quickly because they're so heavy and big."
Adds head of effects animation Marlon West, "Our job in effects was to
that would fall out of the joints as they moved. We had to be careful that the
weren't a distraction. We also had to shake the trees as they walked through the
forest-but since they're nature spirits, they don't leave a path of destruction
FIRE SPIRIT is a tiny, fast-moving flame that can wreak havoc in the forest
in a matter
of seconds. "It's like a fireball zipping around," says visual effects
Director of cinematography Mohit Kallianpur worked hand in hand with the
to light the fire spirit. "It's magical fire being generated," he says. "It's
blue-it doesn't have the same colors as traditional fire, but it still had to
Like the wind spirit, the fire spirit has a range of emotions that affect how
big or how
dangerous the element becomes. Says West, "There's curious or playful fire all
to super angry, totally engulfing flames. But it's magical fire: It emits
heat-we add heat
distortion to show that-but it doesn't emit smoke. It ignites the forest, but
or destroy it."
"Every day's a little harder as I feel my power grow!
Don't you know there's a part of me that longs to go...
Into the unknown?"
VENTURING INTO THE UNKNOWN
Filmmakers Trek to Norway, Finland and Iceland to Garner Inspiration
Walt Disney Animation Studios filmmakers trekked to Africa to help populate the
of "Zootopia," traveled throughout the islands of the Pacific to garner
"Moana," and took a field trip to a racetrack to inform the Slaughter Race
"Ralph Breaks the Internet." Research is the root of every story.
Many of the filmmakers behind "Frozen" ventured to Norway and studied fjords,
architecture and garb, among other areas-but since "Frozen 2" continues the
taking Elsa, Anna, Kristoff, Olaf and Sven far from Arendelle, filmmakers needed
back. And in September 2016, they did just that, embarking on a two-week trip to
Norway, Iceland and Finland. "We were deeply inspired by the beauty of these
says producer Peter Del Vecho. "It's amazing to me how much of that research
made it into 'Frozen 2': the fall colors of Norway and Finland, the waterfalls,
beauty of Iceland."
Filmmakers also referenced old Norse myths and folklore of found across the
lands, discovering connections to nature that led them to what would become
story. But the key to their story was discovered-at least in part-during that
Says director Jennifer Lee, "'Frozen 2' is ultimately a mythic fairy tale about
family, self-discovery, courage and the power to never give up."
The idea of myth versus fairy tale took root somewhere between Norway and
"There was a beautiful fairy-tale feel to the forests in Norway and Finland,"
Chris Buck. "Iceland was different. It felt dangerous-mythic. We felt small
was definitely in control in Iceland."
Another major theme in the story, change, is illustrated by the autumn
setting of the film.
So, the September timing of their travels was strategic in an effort to envelop
filmmakers in the unique foliage that Anna and Elsa might find on their
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